Category Archives: Science

Cloning Marijuana

Tools & materials required:

1) Seedling tray/clone box with bottom heating (heating not essential)

2) Sharp knife or safety blade

3) Rooting Hormone

4) Spray bottle

5) Small rockwool cubes, coco plugs or Jiffy plugs

Step 1. With a sharp blade cut a growing tip from the plant. Make sure you don’t cut the cutting too short, you need 2-3 leaf nodes for a good cutting.

Step 2. Trim off the lowest pair of leaves close to the main stem, as shown in image 2 and 3

Step 3. Make a 45 degree cut near the bottom on the main stem just below the node where you trimmed the leaves off in step 2. The cut needs to be at an angle just below the leaf node to create the maximum amount of surface area for new roots to grow.

Step 4. Dip the end of the cutting in rooting power or gel and ensure all cut areas are completely covered with powder or gel. Gently tap off any excess powder.

Step 5. Soak a small rockwool cube or coco/jiffy plug in water and make a hole about 25mm (1/2 inch) deep into the cube with a match. Make the hole just a little smaller than the diameter of the main stem of your cutting if possible; you want a reasonably snug fit for the cutting.

Now gently insert the cutting into the cube far enough to cover the area where you cut off the leaves. About 25 mm.

Step 6. Now place the cutting in your seedling tray or clone box, mist the cuttings with water using a spray bottle and also mist the inside lid of your clone box. Place the cover on, plug in the bottom heater if you have one, and you’re done.

Check the cuttings every day and pour a little water over the rockwool cubes if they begin to dry out. Do not fill your clone box with water, just pour enough on the cubes to re-soak them to prevent drying out. You will probably have to do that every 2 days.

Mist the cuttings and inside cover of your clone box every few days with a spray bottle or whenever you see the water droplets disappear from the inside of the cover.

After about 2 weeks you should see roots growing out of the rockwool cubes like in the image below. You now have a clone of your original plant that is ready for planting.…

Fascinating Facts About Marijuana

Not everyone has a clear idea about Marijuana. If you ask people to state some facts about marijuana then they will not state that it is a kind of recreational drug or will state that it is used for medical purpose in some States. But there are many fascinating facts which one must know about the marijuana which is now legal in many States.

According to studies it is seen that more than 45% of people living in American have use marijuana. It is the most popular thing after alcohol according to a worldwide survey. Not only this, it is seen that up to 6000 new people tried marijuana for the first time each day in United States of America. So, what is interesting is that even though it is illegal in many States, marijuana is one of the most popular recreational drugs.

The consumption of marijuana has been going on for more than 5000 years. If you read the history of marijuana then you will learn that it was used traditionally in countries like Europe, Asia and Africa. It is said that around 1873 the plant came to be known but it is mostly called cannabis. But according to folklore, the name marijuana came from the name Maria and Juana which was slang words used to describe a prostitute. Many believe that the word is derived from the term “maraguanquo” the meaning of which is “intoxicating plant”.

One of the fun facts about marijuana is that according to studies there are about 2000 slang terms which is used to describe marijuana or cannabis in the USA alone. Some of the popular tem of cannabis is “ganja”, “joint”, “pot” and also the famous word “weed”.

The main compound of marijuana is THC or tetrahydrocannabinol. The THC is psychoactive. It is said that around 70 compounds called cannabinoids is present in the flower and the leaves of this plant. But one of the interesting facts about marijuana is that it also has many non- psychoactive and therapeutic cannabinoids also.

Now for one of the positive facts about marijuana. According to a recent study conducted by University of Alabama and UCSF which was done on 5000 marijuana smoker, it is seen that a person who smokes this marijuana few times in a few has a stronger lung capacity in comparison to non smoker or a tobacco smoker. Not only this, in recent times, 2005 to be exact the UCLA paper suggests that smoking marijuana can prevent lung cancer. This is because of the presence of THC in marijuana which do not encourage cancer and for this reason many cancer patients are given marijuana.

Out of the many facts about marijuana, it is important to mention that out of so many State of USA which has legalized marijuana, only the State of Washington and Colorado has made marijuana fully legalized which means one can grow, sale and kept certain amount of marijuana.

Out of the many facts of marijuana, this fact is very interesting. Including loss of potential tax revenue and so cost spent on law enforcement, the price for prohibition of marijuana every years comes to around 20 billion dollars. So, if marijuana is legalized then this money can be used on some serious issue which the country is facing or will face.

There are many facts about marijuana but the fact that 57% of people of America support on legalization of marijuana but the support of marijuana for medical purpose only comes to an impressive 80%.

Hemp is actually very good for the environment or the planet in general. It can be used to make bio fuel which will do the planet some good if more bio fuel options and methods are adopted. Beside this, Hemp is an amazing as it can be used to make paper, canvas, rope and also clothing. Beside these, hemp can also be eaten as food. In places like Iran, India, Peru and Uruguay hemp is grown for both fuel and food.

Marijuana is not deadly and it has very mild side effects compared to alcohol and tobacco which are very dangerous for a person. It is also said that no one can overdose on this very drug, one have to smoke 800 joints of marijuana in just one sitting to be killed. But still now there has not been any report of a person smoking that many joints in just one sitting.

These are some of the interesting, fascinating and of course some positive facts about marijuana. With further research and search other many beneficial and interesting facts can be known. The internet is filled with many facts and history of this drug and one can read in detail about marijuana.

Related Posts

Cloning

I am really not going to say much about this, because there are so many grow faqs on cloning that it will be a waste of time. I will provide the link that will take you to about 10 different ways to clone on.

Cloning is basically taking cuttings from your selective female or male plant and getting the cuttings to grow roots so it will produce the same features as the plant you took the cuttings from and the same sex of the plant you took cuttings from.Most people clone females, because it seems like females are harder to come by, not only that when you know you have females you don’t have to go around sexing them until flowering time when you have to worry about hermie plants.Also used for when you want to keep the type of pheno plant also known as type of plant weather its bushy or tall or a heavy yielder.Cloning is very important for it will help cut the production time in half and keep you wasting light on males that will end up having to be chopped anyways.

So if you want a steady flow of bud coming in, cloning is a must. So if you want to clone you will have to have a selected mother plant and keep her vegging and taken care of and you can keep taking cuttings from them. Mothers can live for a very long time as long as you keep transplanting them when needed… when they get into a 5 gallon bucket you will need to trim some of the soil off the bottom and sides to keep the root production clean… you don’t want your mother to become to big if you don’t have enough space to keep her in…. by cutting the soil and roots off the sides and bottom.. it will help keep the growth of the plant down but will till grow cuttings. Taking the lower branches off first are the easier to clone because of less Nitrogen and more carbohydrates in them… you want less nitrogen in your plant before you take cuttings so you wont have as much problems getting your cuttings to root. Carbohydrates are energy, a clone with more energy will be able to sustain longer and have more strength to grow roots.

When you read some of the links and pick out the methods that appeal to you there are a few things that they forgot to add. NOT ALL CLONES ROOT IN 7 to 10 days! Factors being this is because if you take a clone from flowering the plant will have to revert back to veg growth before it grows roots. Thus taking longer to root!Another factor is some strains are more stubborn then others to clone, so please do not get discouraged if you can’t attempt to clone on your first try. If not succeed try try again!! Also even in vegging clones can take longer then others so be patient and don’t go puling the clones out of its medium to check for roots
Being patient always pays off!…

Vegetative growth and What Nutrients you have to choose from

This will most likely be the longest part of this whole thread for there are many nutrients to choose from.

Alright, now we are getting somewhere.. WE got the seedling past 2 weeks and our lighting picked out and what period we are going to choose, now we need to pick out what nutrients we are going to use! There are a number of nutrients on the market from ‘Miracle Grow’ to ‘Pure Blend’ products to ‘Fish Emulsion’ and ‘Guanos’. Nitrogen is one of the biggest nutrient your plant will take for veg growth! So you want to make sure you supply your plant with good amount of Nitrogen. And then give a normal amount of P and K

Here is a list of what you have to choose from for nutrients for Vegetative growth. At the bottom will be a list of ‘Micro Nutes’ also known as secondary nutrients like Zinc, Magnesium and Potassium.

SOIL
First if you want to go Chemical feeding here is a list of what you have to choose from and what is best and what strength. FOR ALL CHEMICAL USAGE NEVER USE WHAT THE BOX RECOMMENDS AS THE CANNABIS PLANT BURNS VERY EASILY..PROCEED USING THESE WITH CAUTION AND USING NO MORE THEN ½ STRENGTH OF WHAT IT SAYS ON BOX!

[1] Miracle grow Tomato Plant Food: NPK 18-18-21 has
2ndary nutrients are: Mag .50, Copper .05, Iron .10, Man .05 and Zinc .05
Draw back to this is it does not have Calcium and Sulphur supplement with Dolomite lime also known as garden lime.

[2] Miracle Grow All Purpose Plant Food: NPK 15-30-15
2ndary nutrients are: Boron .02, Copper .07, Iron .15, Man .05 and Zinc .06% Draw back no calcium or Mag.. best one to use is Epsom salts or dolomite lime. Use dolomite lime if having a PH problem to bring it back to desired level. Or use 1 teaspoon of Epsom salts per gallon of water for Mag.

[3]Peters All Purpose Plant Food: NPK 20-20-20
Not sure about the secondary nutrients but it’s a good pick over Miracle Grow products, because Peters uses less metals in there mix.

[4]Canna Terrra Series
Terra Vega… this is made for cannabis plants and has everything in the mix and is very good for new growers!

FoxFarm Products:Used for Soil and Hydro:
Tiger Bloom (2-8-4) is an ultra potent, fast acting, high phosphorous fertilizer that also contains a good supply of nitrogen for growth and vigor. It is formulated with a low pH to maintain stability in storage and keep micronutrients available. Tiger bloom can be used for both hydroponic and soil applications. When used as directed Tiger Bloom encourages abundant fruit flowering and multiple bud set. Use Tiger Bloom at the first signs of flowering through harvest. Fox Farms recommends that Tiger Bloom product be mixed with Big Bloom to correct the low PH. Tiger Bloom’s starting PH is 5.4

FOXFARM GROW BIG HYDROPONIC CONCENTRATE 3-2-6 USED ONLY FOR HYDRO potent fast acting, water soluable fertilizer specifically formulated for hydroponic use. It is then blended with premium select earthworm castings

Organics:

[1] Blood Meal: 12-0-0 (These 2 are GREAT for mixing in with your soil mix

[2] Bone Meal: 6-12-0 (Add 1 cup of bone and blood meal per 5 gallons… you might want to use more blood meal because its Higher in Nitrogen for vegging stage we are in now!

[3] Guanos:
Mexican Bat guano: 10-2-0
Adds active micro-organisms to soil. These tiny organisms unlock nutrients bound up in the soil and break down the compounds in the guano

Super Tea (5-5-1)
Fertilizer which features high-nitrogen Mexican bat quano with worm castings, seabird quano, and soluble seaweed.

Seabird guano 9-9-2
Hi P Fossilized Seabird guano 1-10-1
All purpose Millennia Seabird guano 9-9-2
Orginal Seabird guano All Purpose 13-8-2
All Purpose Pelleted Peruvian Sea Bird Guano 12-12-2.5
Peruvian Seabird guano 11-13-3

[4] Castings

Worm Casting 1-0-0 source of calcium, magnesium, and nitrogen

Crabshell organic source of NPK, Calcium (23%) and Magnesium (1.33%).

Seaweed extract lots of 2ndary nutrients

[5] Earth Juice Products:
(Can be used with Hydro set-ups) also
Earth juice grow 2-1-1 EARTH JUICE a simple plant tea or a fish based fertilizer EARTH JUICE will not burn your plants or harm the soil. In fact, it’ll encourage the microbial activity in the soil, thus improving it.

Earth Juice Bloom 0-3-1 (same as grow)
Earth Juice Mircoblast THIS is a must because it has LOTS of secondary nutrients ! a must buy!!

Earth Juice Catalyst this is add on also like for missing 2ndary nutrients!

Earth Juice Meta-K Natrual source of potassium

[6] Fox Farm Products
(Can be used with Hydro set ups too)
Grow Big 12-7-7 A complete, organic-based liquid plant food blended from blood meal, earthworm castings, and Norwegian kelp

Big Bloom .01-.3-.7 It is made from premium select Earthworm castings and bat guano

Those are some of the most popular Nutrients! If I left anyout im sorry there is a lot to cover! If someone thinks I missed something please feel free to let me know and I will add it to the list with your name
Well that’s all I will write for now until tomorrow! I will go back through and find good mixtures to use for each type and what is good to use! Or I may skip it for now for this is the longest process and will take time! So I may skip that part for now and go right into veg stage…

Seedling to Vegetative Stages and Lighting

We have our germination method and growing medium and have our seeds sprouting out. Now we need to put the seedling under Lighting.

**BEFORE CHOOSING LIGHTING MAKE SURE YOU READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY ISSUES TO INSURE SAFETY**

Now we have lots of choices to make here.

Fluro Tubes:
We have fluro tubes that work very well for seedlings. The pros to using fluro tubes for seedlings is you can put them about 2 cm away from the seedlings and they will not burn! Therefore getting max amount of lumens possible., cons on doing this is there is many types of fluros that do different jobs for how you want your plant to grow! Sneakatokes Fluro Guide is a excellent example of what kinda of fluros grow what kind of plants!

Compact Fluros (CFL):

Another Lighting you can use for seedling Stages is Compact fluros…
These are another excellent choice for people who are on cash flow problems and want the best lighting for the buck! Again Sneakatoke’s Compact Fluro guide is excellent for this topic!

Metal Halide (MH):

Another lighting people use for seedlings vegging and flowering is what’s called. A Metal Halide or MH. MH is great also for vegging but also used for seedlings. The pros to using a MH during seedling stage is it makes a very strong stem and makes the plant grow bushy and not so tall.
The con to using it is the amount of heat it produces and I recommend it not being used for seedling stage. Its really great for being used as a Veg and flowering lighting!

High Pressure Sodium (HPS):

These are awesome lighting and are the most popular for growing in flowering.(use of a reflector comes recommended for new growers)
People also tend to use these for veg growth, but I have seen that you grow bigger plants with compact fluros, because HPS tends to be the incorrect spectrum. Vegging plants like the blue spectrum then the orange spectrum like the HPS gives off for flowering (budding).

When your plants get into the flowering stage there need for different color spectrum changes to Orange to. But its best to use an HPS for flowering as it gives off the most lumens. You can use a mix spectrum where you use MH HPS combo. Or you can use HPS and compact fluros! Compact fluros work great with HPS! I myself use compact fluros and a HPS for flowering. The cons of using an HPS is they run VERY HOT!!! You can’t keep them as close as you would compact fluros or fluro tubes. And having a ventilation system is a must! You want your grow to be under 80 degrees F if you find yourself having difficulty keeping them.. then maybe you should invest in compact fluros for now or beef up your cooling in your grow room.

Alright, Now we have our lighting we want and medium and now is ready to grow!

Okay, we now have our seedling and lighting. Now this is one of the most important things you could ever remember: For the first 2 weeks of your seedlings life you NEVER want to give it nutrients at all. For it will burn the plants leaf structure very easily. Just giving it water is enough along with your medium you are using whether it is in the form of Rockwool cubes to peat pellets.

Also make sure your pH stays normal, don’t let it go past 0.2 of where you have it, because it can cause problems with your seedlings and will lock out much needed nutrients your seedling needs for the first 2 weeks.
For the first 2 weeks you also want your lighting on 18/6 or 24/0. After that then you can choose your lighting period, most people will argue 24/0 is best the whole time. I say that is only true for the first 2 weeks, Why? If your plant was outdoors… there would be a dark period regardless, not only that your plant only absorbs so much energy and then shuts down for a few hours… so its better if you can take on the 20/4 period after the first 2 weeks. Say you want to have your plant veg for 5 weeks during the last week of veg stage you would want to cut the lighting down to 18/6 and then after that week go into 12/12. I have seen this and have experienced this.

By going from a 24/0,20/4 and 18/6 periods your plant gets ready as if it is going to flower soon therefore getting your plant ready for 12/12. Also, I say not getting your plant ready for flowering can stress the plants. What ever photo period you want to choose, its all up to you, but, giving your plants down time will let them grow in the dark period and save on lighting! It Also makes it faster for your plants to show sex! I am right now growing ‘Blueberry’ and this time I changed the photo period from 24/0 from my last grow to 20/4 and all 4 showed sex compared with my first grow where I kept lights on 24/0 they didn’t show sex. So in my honest opinion give your plants a break, we all need one!…